From k-12 to K-10 Transition

The proposed transition from K-12 to K-10 in the Philippines is a significant change in the country’s education landscape.

Spearheaded by former President and current Senior Deputy Speaker Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, this shift aims to address certain issues plaguing the current K-12 system.

Under the K-10 Plus Two bill, the plan is to make Grades 11 and 12 optional for students who intend to pursue higher education.

This would essentially revert the educational structure back to its previous form, where students would graduate high school after completing kindergarten, six years of elementary education, and four years of secondary school.

The main motivation behind this proposal is to tackle the perceived shortcomings of the senior high school (SHS) system, particularly its struggle to produce job-ready graduates.

From k-12 to K-10 Transition

From k-12 to k-10 transition. (Photo: Habitat for Humanity of Broward)

Even though Vice President and Department of Education Secretary Sara Duterte also supports the idea of reforming the K-12 curriculum to better equip students for the job market, criticisms remain.

Many employers still prefer hiring candidates with college degrees, and studies indicate that around 70 percent of SHS graduates opt to continue their education at the tertiary level rather than entering the workforce.

Arroyo’s bill places a specific focus on enhancing the technical, vocational, livelihood (TVL) track within SHS, which has seen declining enrollment. There are also suggestions to streamline the curriculum by reducing the number of subjects in the early years of education, although these proposals have sparked concerns among educators.

Duterte acknowledges that the current education system has faltered and has put immense pressure on teachers. She has highlighted the need to uplift teachers’ skills, particularly in imparting 21st-century competencies. Addressing issues like classroom shortages and a shortage of qualified teachers is also crucial to improving the education system.

However, it’s imperative that experts are consulted before making sweeping changes to the K-12 program, as such alterations could disrupt the school calendar and have far-reaching consequences.

Furthermore, addressing corruption within the Department of Education is essential to ensuring that the allocated budget, including intelligence funds, is used efficiently and for the benefit of the country’s education system.

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